How To Help A Person With Aphasia Understand Others:
1) Reduce background noise:
Try to speak in a quiet place. Turn off the TV, radio, etc. There is no need to shout.
2) Speak slowly and simply:
People with aphasia take a longer time to process language. Try to speak slowly and always use an adult tone of voice.
Use short, simple sentences. Stay on one topic at a time.
3) Have a pen and paper handy:
Writing down key words, and drawing while you are talking, might help the person with aphasia understand you better.
4) Give the person with aphasia lots of time to respond:
When a person with aphasia can’t find the words to say, it may take a while for them to figure out another way to get their point across. Give them the time needed to speak; try not to finish their sentences for them.
How to help a person with aphasia express themselves:
1) Acknowledge when you don’t understand the person with aphasia.
2) Ask the person with aphasia to say it another way, or suggest that they use a different communication mode:
use a communication book
Be open to all communication modalities. Remember that the goal is to understand the message, not to get perfect speech.
3) Ask simple yes/no questions, or ask questions and then provide simple, possible choices.
4) If you hit a roadblock, it’s OK to ask if you can drop it and come back to the conversation later.