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APHASIA INFORMATION

APHASIA INFORMATION

APHASIA INFORMATION

Aphasia is a language disorder that impairs the expression and understanding of spoken language, reading and writing. It occurs most often from a stroke or brain injury. This frustrating condition affects a person’s ability to communicate, but does not affect his or her intellect.

Aphasia affects more than 2 ½ million Americans. It robs one of the ability to communicate, cutting people off from their family, friends, health care providers, and everyday life. The Adler Aphasia Center provides a therapeutic environment of innovative programs that give people with aphasia and their caregivers ways to reconnect with life.

Through life skills activities, the arts, literature, technology, cooking, nature, and fitness our programs help members:

  • Stimulate communication skills
  • Exercise cognitive skills
  • Build self-esteem
  • Rebuild social connections
WHAT IS APHASIA?
  • Aphasia is an acquired language disorder due to a stroke or other brain injury.

  • People with aphasia may have difficulty with language in all forms:

    • Understanding what others are saying
    • Putting their thoughts into words
    • Understanding what is read
    • Writing (with pen and paper and on the computer)
  • Aphasia alone does not affect a person's intellect, memory, judgment, or problem-solving skills.

  • Aphasia can range from mild (sometimes difficulty thinking of a word) to severe (little to no ability to speak).

  • All people with aphasia have some degree of difficulty recalling words.

    • This is like having that “tip of the tongue” feeling
    • A person with aphasia may say one word but means to say something else
  • People with aphasia notice that some things are very easy to say, while others are very hard.

    • The more the person has to think about what he/she is saying, the harder it will be
    • “Automatic” phrases are generally easier to say because they don’t require much thought or are over-learned
    • Some examples are phrases such as “good morning”, “I don’t know”, “uh oh” and swear words
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    There are some words that are can be difficult for people with aphasia.

    • These words are often very close in meaning, opposites, or can seem to have abstract meaning
    • People with aphasia often mix them up or substitute one for another
    • Some examples include: Man/Woman, Left/Right, Yes/No